DID YOU KNOW?
A critical water source area, the mountains of Lesotho and the Maloti Drakensberg are one of Africa's great water towers. Phase 2 of the Lesotho Highland Water Project will be finished in 2020 at a cost of R20 billion.
Interbasin transfer systems
Supplies water to
Unsustainable land use practices pose a major threat to ecosystems and the livelihood of local communities. Land use that damage flood plains, river banks, and wetlands reduce the regulating capacity of catchments and increase erosion and sediment loads in rivers as well as the risk of flooding.
Large Scale Cultivation
Large scale cultivation of mono-crops such as sugar can reduce the amount of water available in rivers, wetlands and aquifers. These crops use more water than the natural vegetation and so stream flow is reduced and they require fertilizers and pesticides which can end up causing pollution. Sustainable farming of these crops needs to accommodate buffer zones around rivers and wetlands.
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