DID YOU KNOW?
A critial source area, the Northern Drakensberg hosts the Orange River and the Ukhahlamba Drakensberg Park. The Orange River has the country's largest dam, the Gariep Dam (meaning 'great water'), with a capacity of 5,340,000 megalitres. Additionally, SA's largest Ramsar site, the Ukhahlamba Drakensberg Park (formerly Natal Drakensberg Park), is also located here at 2428 km2.
Interbasin transfer systems
Supplies water to
Unsustainable land use practices pose a major threat to ecosystems and the livelihood of local communities. Land use that damage flood plains, river banks, and wetlands reduce the regulating capacity of catchments and increase erosion and sediment loads in rivers as well as the risk of flooding.
Acid mine drainage (AMD) from coal and gold mining areas has had devastating impacts on water resources, with acidification of rivers and streams, elevated metal levels and consequent fish die-offs. Many of our catchments are already heavily polluted by mining and an estimated R30 billion is required to clean South Africa’s nearly 6000 abandoned mines.
© COPYRIGHT WWF SOUTH AFRICA 2013-2017.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.