DID YOU KNOW?
Flagship rivers are important free-flowing rivers with unique ecosystem processes and biodiversity value. This area is also home to the Inkomati River, which connects South Africa, Swaziland and Mozambique, an example of the importance of being 'good water neighbours' to other countries.
Interbasin transfer systems
Supplies water to
Unsustainable land use practices pose a major threat to ecosystems and the livelihood of local communities. It damages flood plains, river banks and wetlands, reducing the regulating capacity of catchments and increasing erosion and sediment loads. This raises the risk of flooding.
Large Scale Cultivation
Large scale cultivation of mono-crops such as sugar can reduce the amount of water available in rivers, wetlands and aquifers. These crops use more water than the natural vegetation and so stream flow is reduced and they require fertilisers and pesticides which can end up causing pollution. Farming is crucial for feeding the population and creating rural jobs but farmers need to use water efficiently and sustainably to ensure that the quality and quantity of water left in the rivers can sustain the people living downstream.
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